Liberalism in the Americas Digital Archive

This is a unique scholarly resource of materials to help the UK and international academic community to trace the rise, consolidation and development of liberal ideology and practice in Latin America during the long nineteenth century. This has been achieved through the digitisation of key texts that shaped liberal thought and practice in the region since the late eighteenth century. Archival materials have been carefully selected – such as political pamphlets, judicial records, and political ephemera – to provide researchers, educators and policy makers around the world with the tools to develop historical studies that will enhance our understanding of the liberal tradition in Latin America.

The digital library was developed by the Institute for the Study of the Americas (now the Institute of Latin American Studies), School of Advanced Study, University of London. The project was managed by Dr Deborah Toner with research assistance from Dr Sarah Backhouse and consultancy advice from Dr Matthew Alan Hill and the University of London Computer Centre, which specialises in digital preservation. The resources that appear in this digital library were made available by, and digitised in collaboration with, the British Library, using materials from its extensive archives (…)

http://liberalism-in-americas.org
Working papers: Liberalism in the Americas

Operation Condor on Trial: legal Proceedings in Latin American Rendition and Assassination Program open in Buenos Aires

OPERATION CONDOR ON TRIAL:
LEGAL PROCEEDINGS ON LATIN AMERICAN RENDITION AND ASSASSINATION PROGRAM OPEN IN BUENOS AIRES

National Security Archive Posts CIA, DIA and State Department Intelligence Reports Provided to Argentine Prosecutors
National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 416
Posted – March 8, 2013
Edited by Carlos Osorio

Washington, D.C., March 8, 2013 – Former military officers from Argentina and Uruguay went on trial this week in Buenos Aires for their human rights abuses in Operation Condor, a cross-border conspiracy of dictatorships in the 1970s and 1980s to “eradicate ‘subversion,’ a word which increasingly translates into non-violent dissent from the left and center left,” according to declassified documents posted today by the National Security Archive ( www.nsarchive.org).

Today’s posting of documents and evidence provided by the Archive to Argentine prosecutors includes the first briefing report, from August 1976, to then-Secretary of State Henry Kissinger on the secret police collaboration in the Southern Cone to “find and kill” opponents of their military regimes.

“The documents are very useful in establishing a comprehensive analytical framework of what Operation Condor was,” said Pablo Enrique Ouvina, the lead prosecutor in the case.

Founded by the Pinochet regime in November 1975, Operation Condor was the codename for a formal Southern Cone collaboration that included transnational secret intelligence activities, kidnapping, torture, disappearance and assassination, according to the National Security Archive’s documentary evidence from U.S., Paraguayan, Argentine, and Chilean files.

Prominent victims of Condor include two former Uruguayan legislators and a former Bolivian president, Juan Torres, murdered in Buenos Aires, as well as former Chilean ambassador Orlando Letelier and his 26-year old American colleague, Ronni Moffitt, assassinated by a car bomb in downtown Washington D.C.

The historic trial charges 25 high-ranking military officials, including former Argentine presidents Jorge Videla and Reynaldo Bignone, with conspiracy to “kidnap, disappear, torture and kill” 171 opponents of the military dictatorships that dominated the Southern Cone in the 1970s and 1980s. Among the victims are approximately 80 Uruguayans, 50 Argentines, 20 Chileans and a dozen from Paraguay, Bolivia, Peru and Ecuador who were targeted by Condor operatives. The kidnapping and disappearance of two Cuban Consulate officials in Buenos Aires on August 9, 1976, is also part of the prosecution.

“Condor was a latter day rendition, torture and assassination program,” noted Carlos Osorio, who directs the Archive’s Southern Cone Documentation project. “Holding these officials accountable for the multinational crimes of Condor,” he said, “cannot help but set a precedent for more recent abuses of a similar nature.”

Besides Generals Videla and Bignone, those indicted included 22 Argentine military intelligence officers and agents. In preparation for the trial, prosecutors sought the extradition of several foreign high ranking officers from Chile and Paraguay among other Condor countries. The only foreigner sitting at the courtroom, however, is Uruguayan Army Major Manuel Cordero, charged with participating in death squads and torture at the infamous Orletti Motors secret detention center in Buenos Aires. He was extradited by Brazil where he was living.

Of the 171 Condor victims cited in the indictments, approximately forty-two survived and a number of them are expected to testify in court. One hundred twenty others were killed and/or disappeared.

DOCUMENTS

Justicia Postransicional y Políticas de la memoria

PolHis
Justicia Postransicional y Políticas de la memoria
Dossier coordinado por Juan Mario Solís Delgadillo y Elena Martínez Barahona
En los últimos años, muchos investigadores se han dado a la tarea de estudiar los regímenes no democráticos y sus legados, y también lo han hecho algunos gobiernos con la puesta en marcha de Comisiones de la Verdad, que han tenido como objetivo, más o menos homogéneo, establecer la verdad sobre el fenómeno represor que durante la segunda mitad del siglo XX se experimentó en muchas regiones del mundo y con mucha notoriedad en América Latina.

El presente dossier tiene como objetivo contribuir a los debates en torno al estado que guarda la justicia postransicional, así como el desarrollo de las políticas públicas hacia el pasado en al menos siete países de la región: Uruguay, Paraguay, Argentina, Chile, El Salvador, Guatemala y México, pero también intenta exponer algunos aportes teóricos que permitan profundizar en el estudio de un tema con muchísimas aristas como éste. Todos los trabajos aquí presentados han sido recientemente publicados en la revista América Latina Hoy (núm. 61, agosto 2012) que edita el Instituto de Iberoamérica de la Universidad de Salamanca (…).

Elin SKAAR. ¿Puede la independencia judicial explicar la justicia postransicional? América Latina Hoy, núm. 61, 2012: 14-48.

Luis RONIGER. La sacralización del consenso nacional y las pugnas por la memoria histórica y la justicia en el Uruguay posdictatorial. América Latina Hoy, núm. 61, 2012: 50-77.

Silvia DUTRÉNIT BIELOUS. Sentencias de la Corte Interamericana de Derechos Humanos y reacciones estatales. México y Uruguay ante los delitos del pasado. América Latina Hoy, núm. 61, 2012: 50-77.

Elena MARTÍNEZ BARAHONA, Martha Liliana GUTIÉRREZ SALAZAR, Liliana RINCÓN FONSECA. Impunidad en El Salvador y Guatemala: «de la locura a la esperanza: ¿nunca más?». América Latina Hoy, núm. 61, 2012: 100-135.

Maria ROSARIA STABILI. Opareí. La justicia de transición en Paraguay. América Latina Hoy, núm. 61, 2012: 137-162.
Juan Mario SOLÍS DELGADILLO. El peso político del pasado: factores que inciden en la formulación de las políticas de la memoria en Argentina y Chile. América Latina Hoy, núm. 61, 2012: 163-206.

http://historiapolitica.com/dossiers/justicia-postransicional/

Estudos Iberoamericanos – Bicentenário das Independências da América Latina

Dossiê Bicentenário das Independências da América Latina, 36, No 2 (2010). Estudos Ibero-Americanos é um periódico com publicação semestral editado pelo Departamento e pelo Programa de Pós-Graduação em H…

Dossiê Bicentenário das Independências da América Latina, 36, No 2 (2010). Estudos Ibero-Americanos é um periódico com publicação semestral editado pelo Departamento e pelo Programa de Pós-Graduação em História da Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul (PUCRS), destinado ao público universitário, tanto da área de História como das Ciências Humanas em geral. A revista publica artigos inéditos, sobre temáticas relativas ao mundo ibérico e ibero-americano, dentro de ampla abrangência cronológica, resultantes de pesquisas históricas, historiográficas ou de abordagens teóricas e metodológicas.

Iguanalista – El blog de América Latina Portal Europeo

IguAnalista es un espacio, propuesto por América Latina Portal Europeo, a toda la comunidad científica de todas las disciplinas de las ciencias humanas y sociales (SHS) y, más ampliamente, al público interesado…

IguAnalista es un espacio, propuesto por América Latina Portal Europeo, a toda la comunidad científica de todas las disciplinas de las ciencias humanas y sociales (SHS) y, más ampliamente, al público interesado en América latina y el Caribe, con el fin de compartir experiencias e informaciones en los campos de su interés profesional.