Argentina – La evolución del Cóndor

Director del prestigioso Proyecto Documentación Cono Sur del Archivo de Seguridad Nacional en Washington, habló en el juicio en Buenos Aires. Trajo decenas de documentos que muestran el rol de EE.UU. y la CIA en la coordinación entre países de la represión, que arrancó mucho antes de lo pensado.
Por Alejandra Dandan, Página 12, 3 de mayo de 2015
Carlos Osorio es el director del Proyecto Documentación Cono Sur del Archivo de Seguridad Nacional de la Universidad de Washington. Este archivo es uno de los lugares que guarda los documentos desclasificados del Departamento de Estado de los Estados Unidos sobre las dictaduras de la región. Osorio declaró diez horas en el juicio oral por el Cóndor que se hace en Buenos Aires y que la semana próxima entra en la etapa de alegatos. El investigador presentó un Excel de 900 documentos, 40 por ciento de los cuales provienen del acervo norteamericano y otro tanto del Archivo del Terror paraguayo. De los 900, seleccionó 100 para la audiencia. Su serie no empieza en 1975 con la sabida conferencia de Inteligencia en Chile, en la que se instituyó formalmente la coordinación de las fuerzas represivas bajo el nombre de Cóndor. Empieza en 1972, algo que es su clave de lectura sobre ese proceso. Cuando los defensores vieron en la pantalla de la sala la primera pieza, uno levantó la mano alarmado y objetó lo que le parecía fuera del objeto de juicio. El presidente del Tribunal Oral Federal N° 1 Oscar Amirante lo interrumpió: “Usted tiene conocimiento de cuándo empezó el Plan Cóndor –le dijo el juez–, el tribunal todavía no”.
La escena encierra una de las preguntas de este juicio. “¿Todo esto está vinculado con lo que se llamó Plan Cóndor?”, le preguntaron al investigador. “Pienso que sí”, fue la respuesta. “Si uno establece metodologías y los nombres que comienzan a intervenir en el primer período, verá que todo es parte de la misma materia que aparecerá investigada mas adelante.”
Esta mirada cronológica de los documentos le permitió a Osorio leer a 1975 como la institucionalización de un proceso previo, sostenido en convenios y acciones bilaterales. La progresión muestra acuerdos puntuales, informales y hasta sostenidos por relaciones personales entre agentes de inteligencia y entre oficiales. También encuentros que comienzan a hacerse más frecuentes y periódicos a medida que los tiempos se hacían más calientes. Muestran cómo se aceleraron las comunicaciones. Cómo y quiénes estaban bajo la lupa. Hay nombres de líderes de las organizaciones políticas y armadas. Internas en los servicios de inteligencia. Pero además, o especialmente, dan cuenta del rol de Estados Unidos (…)
Para seguir: http://www.pagina12.com.ar/diario/elpais/1-271865-2015-05-03.html

Operation Condor on Trial: legal Proceedings in Latin American Rendition and Assassination Program open in Buenos Aires

OPERATION CONDOR ON TRIAL:
LEGAL PROCEEDINGS ON LATIN AMERICAN RENDITION AND ASSASSINATION PROGRAM OPEN IN BUENOS AIRES

National Security Archive Posts CIA, DIA and State Department Intelligence Reports Provided to Argentine Prosecutors
National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 416
Posted – March 8, 2013
Edited by Carlos Osorio

Washington, D.C., March 8, 2013 – Former military officers from Argentina and Uruguay went on trial this week in Buenos Aires for their human rights abuses in Operation Condor, a cross-border conspiracy of dictatorships in the 1970s and 1980s to “eradicate ‘subversion,’ a word which increasingly translates into non-violent dissent from the left and center left,” according to declassified documents posted today by the National Security Archive ( www.nsarchive.org).

Today’s posting of documents and evidence provided by the Archive to Argentine prosecutors includes the first briefing report, from August 1976, to then-Secretary of State Henry Kissinger on the secret police collaboration in the Southern Cone to “find and kill” opponents of their military regimes.

“The documents are very useful in establishing a comprehensive analytical framework of what Operation Condor was,” said Pablo Enrique Ouvina, the lead prosecutor in the case.

Founded by the Pinochet regime in November 1975, Operation Condor was the codename for a formal Southern Cone collaboration that included transnational secret intelligence activities, kidnapping, torture, disappearance and assassination, according to the National Security Archive’s documentary evidence from U.S., Paraguayan, Argentine, and Chilean files.

Prominent victims of Condor include two former Uruguayan legislators and a former Bolivian president, Juan Torres, murdered in Buenos Aires, as well as former Chilean ambassador Orlando Letelier and his 26-year old American colleague, Ronni Moffitt, assassinated by a car bomb in downtown Washington D.C.

The historic trial charges 25 high-ranking military officials, including former Argentine presidents Jorge Videla and Reynaldo Bignone, with conspiracy to “kidnap, disappear, torture and kill” 171 opponents of the military dictatorships that dominated the Southern Cone in the 1970s and 1980s. Among the victims are approximately 80 Uruguayans, 50 Argentines, 20 Chileans and a dozen from Paraguay, Bolivia, Peru and Ecuador who were targeted by Condor operatives. The kidnapping and disappearance of two Cuban Consulate officials in Buenos Aires on August 9, 1976, is also part of the prosecution.

“Condor was a latter day rendition, torture and assassination program,” noted Carlos Osorio, who directs the Archive’s Southern Cone Documentation project. “Holding these officials accountable for the multinational crimes of Condor,” he said, “cannot help but set a precedent for more recent abuses of a similar nature.”

Besides Generals Videla and Bignone, those indicted included 22 Argentine military intelligence officers and agents. In preparation for the trial, prosecutors sought the extradition of several foreign high ranking officers from Chile and Paraguay among other Condor countries. The only foreigner sitting at the courtroom, however, is Uruguayan Army Major Manuel Cordero, charged with participating in death squads and torture at the infamous Orletti Motors secret detention center in Buenos Aires. He was extradited by Brazil where he was living.

Of the 171 Condor victims cited in the indictments, approximately forty-two survived and a number of them are expected to testify in court. One hundred twenty others were killed and/or disappeared.

DOCUMENTS

Testimonios de la dictadura argentina: robo de niños de desaparecidos

STOLEN BABIES: Argentina Convicts Two Military Dictators
In Unprecedented Testimony, Former US Assistant Secretary of State Confirmed Military Kidnappings of Children of Disappeared Political Prisoners in the 1970’s

National Security Archive Electronic Briefing Book No. 383
Posted – July 5, 2012

Washington, D.C., July 5, 2012 –An Argentine tribunal today convicted two former military leaders for their roles in the kidnapping and theft of dozens of babies of executed and disappeared political prisoners during the dictatorship. Drawing on critical evidence provided from the United States, the court sentenced General Rafael Videla to 50 years and General Reynaldo Bignone to 15 years in prison for crimes that epitomized the vicious human rights abuses during the military regime that governed Argentina between 1976 and 1983.

The “Tribunal Oral Federal N° 6” handed down the verdict after a review of documentation that included a memorandum of conversation, written by former Assistant Secretary of State for Human Rights Elliott Abrams, that proved the clandestine program to steal the babies of political prisoners was known at the highest levels of the regime. In his memo, dated December 3, 1982, Abrams recounted a meeting with the military’s ambassador to Washington: “I raised with the Ambassador the question of children… born to prisoners or children taken from their families during the dirty war… The Ambassador agreed completely and had already made this point to his [Argentine] foreign minister and president…” (…)
Para seguir : http://www.gwu.edu/~nsarchiv/NSAEBB/NSAEBB383/
Lesa humanidad: condenaron a 50 años de prisión a Jorge Rafael Videla por robo de bebés.
Lo dispuso este jueves el Tribunal Oral Federal Nº 6 de la Capital, que encabezó el debate. Se trata de la causa conocida como “Plan Sistemático”, en donde se investigaron más de 30 hechos de apropiación de menores durante la última dictadura militar.
Centro de Información Judicial, 06 de julio de 2012